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At first glance it may seem that it is much easier to develop landscape design for a large suburban area than for a small one. But, in fact, this is far from the case. Having picked up the wrong way, or having placed it incorrectly, you can visually “reduce” your own, already small, summer cottage.
Bright landscape to give
In order for this not to happen, you need to follow a few simple tips:1The first rule is the abandonment of large buildings, trees and bushes. Large plants take up a lot of space, from which it will seem that the dacha is quite “miserable”. If the site is completely fenced, plant a large number of flowers around the fence, it will be more like a cage than a place to rest. It is not worth planting tall flowering trees in the country. Because of them, the plot will be completely darkened, and most in such conditions will not be able to grow. You can, of course, plant the entire summer cottage with shade flowers. But most of them practically do not bloom, and also will not be able to grow if the soil is with a low level of acidity and humidity.
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We make flower beds. TOP-6 rules
To create a perfect must adhere to the following rules:1 varieties should be combined with each other not only in inflorescences, but in the form of leaves; or on curbs; 5in the center, the distance between plants should be large, closer to the edge - the density increases. Plants planted near the borders should be placed "carpet"; 6 it is not desirable to plant a large number of varieties with different shades of inflorescences near. So the flowerbed will look disharmonious; 7 it is important to take into account the preferences in the soil, irrigation, the amount of sunlight, the acidity of the soil.
Consider the flowering period of all plants.return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Perennial flowers are a universal option for those who do not want to develop new planting schemes every year. In order to constantly bloom on the site plants need to pick up perennial varieties.
Pick the perennial varieties
Varieties by flowering time are divided into several types:
- blooming in spring;
- blooming in summer;
- blooming before frosts.
|Name of annual bloom||July||Aug. Sept||October|
Based on this table, you can pick up perennial varieties so that the plot is "flowering" from early spring to late autumn.Most flowers whose flowering period begins immediately after the snow melts (as a rule, it is mid-April) can be found in the forest.
First of all it is:1 snowdrop (galantus);
Tender snowdrops in your garden2 freezer;
Beautiful flower pleases the eye3 scaffold (Scylla);
Blue, harmonious for mood4 windmill (anemone);
White petals fascinate5 hohlatka;
Unusual shape for spring garden6 clerk;
Bright yellow petals peculiar7hechenoc.
Bright, different color petals
They all begin to bloom immediately after most of the snow has melted.return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
If perennials, which can grow for several years in the same place without requiring a transplant, are understandable, then annuals are another matter. Annuals will have to plant every year again.
Annuals for borders
On the one hand, this is an advantage, because if the flower does not like or does not look in the overall composition, then next year you can simply not plant it. But on the other hand, if it fits perfectly into the landscape design, you will have to annually cultivate this variety.
Beautifully blooming annuals
|Name of annual bloom||July||Aug. Sept||October|
But among the annuals rarely meet varieties that begin to bloom in early spring. Most often, the flowering period they begin in mid-summer and ends with the onset of the first frost.return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Proper bedding arrangement
Before you begin to engage directly in planting, it is necessary to graphically depict the pattern of future flower beds. This greatly simplifies the task and does not allow to make a mistake.
Arrangement of flowers in a flower bed
The second rule - it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the varieties selected for planting. Shade-tolerant plants will not be able to grow in the sun, and light-loving plants are not recommended to be planted in dark areas. In addition, the composition of the soil is important. Some prefer not only "dark places", but also high humidity or acidity of the soil.
Shade-tolerant and shade-loving plants
The easiest way is round. Even a beginner can handle it. For example, tall people can be planted in the center (it can be delphinium, roses, peonies or phloxes). Next, undersized varieties of one species (balsam, flax or pansy) are planted.
Round flowerbed - simple and beautiful
Between these two stripes, you must leave a place for planting, which bloom throughout the summer (petunia, marigold, pelargonium).
Diversity in one flowerbed
According to this scheme, you can create any form. The main thing is fantasy. Also at the edges of the tracks you can plant low-growing with decorative grass.
Turn on the fantasy creating a beautiful combination
Another universal version of flower arrangements is vertical. This option is suitable for those very small suburban areas. The easiest way to create a vertical flowerbed is a “wooden screen” with climbing flowers. You can put it together and plant some plants next to it, or use hedges.
Vertical club to create a flower garden
You can also attach strong ropes to the roof of the house and fasten them to the ground. Especially this method is convenient if there is an open veranda. Flowers will create a shadow, and please their appearance.
Live wall solutionreturn to menu ↑
Making a vertical flower bed1 clematis;
Bright flowers in the flowerbed2pomoea purple;
Ipomoea purple heavenly stars3 plyusch;
Creation of a living arch by plants4 glycine;
Beauty, weeping wisteria5 actinidia;
Actinidia - North Kiwi6 squares;
Beautiful plant with red accents7thunbergia winged;
Interesting truly naive flowers8 rods;
Numerous inflorescences bloom on shoots throughout the summer.10th curl;
Ornamental shrub up to six meters11 large-leaved kyrkosan;
Kirkazon, or aristolokhiya12 climbing rose.
Rose Climbing Santana
For vertical, you can use hanging pots. Flowers that are planted in hanging pots are called ampelous.
Ampelnaya flowers:1 Lobelia;
Elegant with hanging stalks2 petunia;
Petunia is popular3Pelargonium (geranium);
In horticulture most often used hybrids5 Campanula;
The plant will bloom profusely only in the light.6Viola;
Universal decoration for flower beds7Pull fuchsia;
Fuchsia stalk with a well-developed root system8Surfinia;
Grown from the seeds of Surfini look quite modest but9Bakopa;
One of the best decorative leafy crops
The main plus of hanging pots - they can be moved to another place at any time, thereby reviving your garden.return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Creating monochrome compositions
Monochrome flower arrangements are very simple in design. The main condition is that everyone should be in the same color scheme. You can use one or more varieties of plants.
Monochrome Flower Arrangements
As in the creation of a round flower bed, tall plants are located in the center, are low-growing. Along the edges you can plant ground covers.
Flower bed with ground covers
In the event that flowers grow near the walls, fences or paths, the planting technique should be changed. High plant near the fence, and then you can plant low-growing plants.return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
No less impressive will be the contrasting compositions. But it will be much more difficult to create one. First of all, you need to understand exactly what colors are combined with each other, already on the basis of this, plant.
Contrast combination of flowers and shades on a bed
For example, you can choose shades from one range. It may be yellow, red and orange. White, any other bright shades of inflorescences.Roses are best not to combine with others and plant them separately.
You can arrange as a mosaic. To do this, select several different varieties and plant each variety together (circles or any other figures). The height of the stems should be about the same. The result should be one big flower bed, consisting of small parts. Along the edges can be planted undersized greens (for example, the host).
Flower mosaic of tulipsreturn to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Flower arrangements in a neutral style
Neutral flower arrangements look very minimalist, spectacular. To create such a composition, you will need several flowering plants with dim inflorescences (pale pink, white, light yellow) and varieties that do not form inflorescences (fern, host). Such a flower bed will visually make the garden brighter, will give it freshness.
Neutral Flower Arrangements
Neutral compositions can be created using roses. But in this case it is desirable to give your preference to pink, peach, white varieties. Together with roses, you can plant bushes of chubushnika or lilacs.
Plant a lilac with rosesreturn to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Seating the most popular colors
Most often, in the suburban areas you can find roses, peonies, lilies or irises.return to menu ↑
As a rule, lilies are planted in large groups. To the fore, you can put undersized Asiatic lilies, which bloom the very first. The second tier is tall varieties of lilies. Between these two tiers it is necessary to leave space, plant other varieties of undersized (but they must be higher than the first tier of lilies). Suitable phlox, freesia, lobelia. Behind the tall lilies you can plant peonies or hydrangeas.
Unusually beautiful colorsreturn to menu ↑
Hosta universal, which is combined with any other varieties. As a rule, in flowerbeds it plays the role of a background, dilutes other blossoming. The best neighbors for the hosts will be undersized small-flowered plants. This may be lobelia, hyacinth, chrysanthemum, coleus, ageratum.
Unusual, but universalreturn to menu ↑
Irises are suitable for creating monochrome flower beds with decorative cereal crops. By planting bergenia and irises of various shades you can get an unusual combination.
There are the most unusual colorsIris bloom continues until June. Therefore, together with them, it is necessary to plant plants that bloom from mid-June (delphinium, daylily, lupine or enoteru). Return to menu
Hortensia acts as an independent plant, and you can use it to create landscape design. The main rule - hydrangea should be located on the last tier of the flower bed and play the role of background for the rest. As neighbors you can use ornamental grasses, dahlias, roses, aconites, Collarcia crocus, and autumn leaves of rozhersii and buzulnik.
Incredibly unusual flowering of this plant.
Hydrangea is perfect for decoration of artificial reservoirs in the summer cottage.return to menu ↑
Pampasnaya grass (cortaderia) when improperly grown can become a weed to flood the entire area. After that, it will be very difficult to withdraw, but, despite this, it is very often used to design suburban areas.
Tall plant with tasselsPampas grass is only suitable for planting in large gardens, because it takes a lot of space. Return to the menu